Before discussing the plans, let us understand the word “lesson”. A lesson refers to a single activity or a series of activities designed by an educator to achieve a certain set of objectives that encourages a positive change in the students. It is a period during which the teachers and students interact and devote their time to priorly identified ideas, skills, and content.
An effective learning process depends highly on the delivery of lessons. If the lesson is delivered slowly, it may make the students distracted. Whereas, if delivered at a fast pace, it may leave the students confused. Thus, it is important that teachers create defined lesson plans in order to make students understand concepts or ideas in the most comprehensive manner.
What is a Lesson Plan?
A lesson plan is simply defined as a teacher's daily guide that mentions information like - “what to teach?”, “How to teach?”, And “how to measure the outcomes?”. In short, it is a detailed description of instructional strategies and activities that teachers undertake during a particular lesson.
An effective lesson plan helps teachers to define an elaborative outline of activities to be followed in a class. It ensures that time is spent efficiently in learning new concepts and productive discussions. But how do you create an effective lesson plan? Let's find out.
Here are some important points that you should consider while making a lesson plan:
1. Define Your Objective
First and foremost, determine the objective(s) of the lesson. The set objective can be skill-based or conceptual. For instance, note down what students should learn from the lesson or why the lesson is important for the students. If you’re making a lesson plan for kindergarten students, improving writing skills or reading skills could be an important objective.
2. Write an Overview
Draft an overview of the lesson. Highlight all important learnings and points of the lesson that the students will be exploring. For instance, your overview can consist of brief details about Mahatma Gandhi or Jawaharlal Nehru in case the lesson is about Independence Day. Naturally, an overview largely depends on the duration of the class. While you may include many points in a 40-minute class, you will have to cut down on some points in a 25-minute class.
3. Make a Timeline
Making a timeline will help you use time in the most efficient way. It will allow you to break a lesson into multiple sub-parts as per the available time. For instance, you can divide a 1-hour class into multiple short periods. You can spend the first 10 to 15 minutes engaging with the students over the topic and then use the next couple of minutes for discussing theory.
4. Know Your Students
Knowing your students is the most important consideration when it comes to developing a lesson plan. Understand the capabilities, needs, strengths, weaknesses, and confidence levels of your students, and then decide on the best teaching approaches. Moreover, this will help you to establish an effective and productive student-centric learning.
5. Incorporate Different Learning Styles
All students are unique in their own way. They have different learning capabilities and skills. Some may understand lessons just by listening to you while others may need detailed presentations to get a complete understanding. Thus, it is important for you to explore and incorporate multiple learning styles while developing a lesson plan.
Here is a sample lesson plan by Suraasa for your understanding:
Developing a good lesson plan is a matter of time, diligence, and understanding. You can check out various lesson plan formats and lesson plan templates before making one for yourself. You can also enrol in Suraasa’s lesson planning course to get a complete understanding of the know-how of a lesson plan. The program helps you understand the importance of a lesson plan and guides you to create the most effective ones for the students.