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Chapter 5

How to become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India

Introduction

In this blog, we will understand how to become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India. Let’s begin our journey by first understanding what a PGT teacher actually means. Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) are individuals who have completed their postgraduate studies, typically a Master's degree and have chosen to pursue a career in teaching at the higher education level.
These teachers teach students of senior secondary grades (classes 11th-12th). They are responsible for designing and delivering course content, conducting lectures, leading discussions, evaluating student performance, and providing guidance and support to students.
This is how you teach when you become a PGT Teacher in India
A Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) is a highly sought-after position as they directly report to vice-principals/principals and have in-depth knowledge of their subject. PGTs may also take on other responsibilities, such as supervising student research projects, serving on academic committees, and mentoring students. Now let’s discuss in detail the eligibility criteria to become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India.

Eligibility to become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India

Here is the eligibility criteria to become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India. A candidate must fulfil the following:
Passed their 12th standard from a recognised board
Must have proficiency in the language of instruction (typically English)
Scored a minimum of 50% marks in their senior-secondary exams
Graduated with a minimum of 55% marks
Have a teaching qualification such as B.Ed., PgCTL, D.El.Ed etc
Completed post-graduation in their subject of interest from a recognised university
Did You Know?
To work as Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) in India, you do not need to clear the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET)*. The CTET exam is specifically designed for candidates aspiring to teach at the primary and upper primary levels (classes I to VIII).
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*It is always advisable to refer to the specific requirements and guidelines of the educational institution or organisation where you are seeking jobs/vacancies for Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs).

Selection Process to Become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India

The selection process for PGT vacancies in state government schools involves a combination of written exams, interviews, and demo class performance to ensure the selection of the most qualified and deserving candidates for teaching positions. The candidates who rank higher in the merit list are generally given priority over the lower-ranked candidates for selection to the available vacancies.
In case of any ties in the merit list, the authorities may use additional criteria such as age, qualification, or experience to break the tie and determine the final merit of the candidates. The Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) vacancies in India also have relaxation for the reserved categories. Selection processes for these vacancies in state government schools are typically clearly mentioned and outlined when the vacancies are released. Potential candidates can refer to the official vacancy notifications or announcements to obtain detailed information and any additional factors considered in the selection process.

Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) Vacany Official Notification

PGT vacancy and jobs notification released by government for hiring teachers
When it comes to private schools, they usually begin by reviewing resumes submitted by interested candidates. The school administrators carefully go through the resumes of the potential candidates to assess the qualifications, educational background, and relevant experience of each applicant.After the initial resume screening, the school conducts further assessments, which may include interviews or demo classes. These additional steps allow the school to gauge the teaching skills, subject knowledge, and classroom management abilities of the candidates.
Private schools often value candidates who have prior teaching experience, preferably exceeding 2-3 years, as it demonstrates their familiarity with the teaching environment. To reach a broader pool of potential candidates, private schools may choose to advertise their hiring notifications regarding jobs/vacanies for Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) on their official websites or job portals. This way, interested individuals can actively keep an eye out for any available positions and submit their applications accordingly.
We believe that the above information provided above has equipped you with the necessary understanding of the qualifications required and the selection process for the Post Graduate Teacher (PGTs) position in India. If you meet the aforementioned criteria, we encourage you to meticulously prepare your resume for the post of Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) and commence your application process today.
So far in our journey of exploring how to become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India, we have explored the qualifications required and the selection process. It’s time to explore the salary of a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India. Let’s get right at it.

Salary of a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India

Details PGT Salary
Pay Scale Entry Scale: Rs. 9300-34800 with Grade Pay of Rs. 4800/-

Senior Scale: Rs.15600-39100 with Grade Pay of Rs.5400/-

Selection Scale: Rs.15600-39100 with Grade Pay of Rs.6600/-
Grade Pay Rs 4800
Basic Pay Rs 47600
DA Revised For Central Govt Teacher – 31 % Rs 14756
HRA Revised For Central Govt Teacher – ( 27 %, 18% and 9 % for X,Y,Z class cities) Rs 4350
Travel Allowance Rs 3600+ DA There on
Total Approximate Gross Salary (With HRA) Rs 53550
Total Approximate Gross Salary (Without HRA) Rs 53000 to Rs 55000
Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) in government schools receive a salary structure based on the 7th Pay Commission guidelines. The pay band for these teachers ranges from ₹9,300 to ₹34,800, with a higher grade pay compared to TGT and PRT teachers, which can range from ₹4,800 to ₹4,800. They are also eligible for allowances such as Dearness Allowance (DA), House Rent Allowance (HRA), Transport Allowance (TA), and other applicable allowances based on their location and category.
Private schools determine the salaries of PGT teachers based on factors such as qualifications, experience, the reputation of the school, geographical location, and the school's budget.
The salary offered by private schools can vary widely and may include additional benefits such as health insurance, housing allowances, professional development opportunities, performance bonuses, and retirement plans. It is recommended to contact individual private schools directly to obtain specific information about their salary packages for Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs), as these can differ significantly depending on various factors.

Career Growth Opportunities for a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India

Having gained clarity on what is the salary for a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT), let us now delve into the realm of numerous career growth prospects that await you once you become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India.
As a PGT, you have various avenues for career growth. You can aim for roles like HOD or VP in your school, become an Assistant Registrar in universities, or pursue higher degrees like Ph.D. or M.Ed.
Additionally, you can consider opportunities to teach abroad. This can provide you valuable international exposure and broaden your horizons as an educator. Taking additional courses, attending workshops or conferences, and gaining experience in different teaching methodologies can further help you stand ou
Lastly, seeking guidance from a mentor who can provide insights and advice based on their own experiences can be incredibly valuable.
Female Taking guidance from a female mentor for career growth as a PGT Teacher in India
You can also book a 30-minute free call with a Suraasa mentor to support your career growth as a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT). You can discuss your career goals and receive tailored advice for a successful career.
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Wrapping Up!

So there you have it! We hope this blog has provided you with all the essential information you need on your question: how to become a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) in India. Remember, as a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT), you'll be teaching senior secondary grades and playing a vital role in shaping young minds.
Whether you're looking to join state government schools or private institutions, be prepared for a selection process that may include written exams, interviews, and demo classes. Seeking guidance from mentors and networking with professionals can also provide valuable insights and support along the way. So go ahead and follow your passion for teaching!

Frequently Asked Questions

Do I need a post graduation degree in the subject I want to teach a Post Graduate Teacher (PGT)?
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What are some alternative career paths or job opportunities for Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) outside of traditional school settings?
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What are some challenges or common misconceptions that Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) may face in their teaching careers?
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What opportunities are available for Post Graduate Teachers (PGTs) interested in teaching abroad?
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Written By

Simran Agarwal

Simran is a writer here at Suraasa and has formerly worked as a Teacher. She is passionate about learning and making a difference through her words.

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