Chapter 4

How to Become a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) in India


Let’s begin our exploration of how to become a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) in India, by first understanding what a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) actually is. Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) are eligible to teach 6th-10th grade in government/private schools. These teachers teach specific subjects such as Maths, Science, etc, and are required to have subject expertise along with proficiency in Pedagogy.
Subjects trained graduate teacher (TGT) can teach in India
They are responsible for providing in-depth subject knowledge to their students. Let’s learn in detail about the eligibility requirements and selection process to get answers to our question of How to become a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT ) in India.

Eligibility to become a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) in India:

To become a TGT, a candidate must fulfil the following eligibility criteria:
Passed their 12th standard from a recognised board.
Scored a minimum of 50% marks in their senior-secondary exams
Graduate in their subject of interest with a minimum of 55% marks
Must have a teaching qualification such as B.Ed., PgCTL, or D.El.Ed etc.
Must have cleared the Paper-II of the CTET / State TET exam
With these criteria in mind, remember that the path to becoming a successful trained graduate teacher involves more than just meeting the minimum requirements. It's about standing out and showcasing your unique capabilities and passion for teaching.
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We believe that the above information provided above has equipped you with the necessary understanding of what is a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) and the qualifications required. This information will come handy when you start searching for Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) recruitment notifications.

Selection Process to Become a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) in India

The process of recruitment of Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) in government schools involves a rigorous selection process that includes two written exams, known as TGT exams, as well as an interview. The candidates who pass the written exams are evaluated based on their communication skills, teaching experience, and overall personality during the interview.
Following the interview, a panel of selected candidates is released, and the candidates are ranked based on their performance in both the written exams and the interview. The candidates who perform the best in the selection process are hired as government teachers and are assigned to teach in schools within the state or district.
Selection Process Checklist for trained graduate teacher recruitment
The recruitment of Trained Graduate Teachers (TGT) in private schools can vary depending on the school's policies and procedures. These schools generally have a selection process that involves evaluating candidates based on their qualifications, experience, and teaching skills.
Some private schools may require candidates to undergo written exams, while others may place more emphasis on the interview process. Additionally, private schools may also require candidates to undergo a background check, provide references, and demonstrate their teaching skills through a demonstration lesson or a teaching portfolio.
Did You Know?
According to an announcement by the Ministry of Education in June 2021, the validity of the CTET Exam certificate is now for a lifetime. This step has been taken to increase the employability of candidates aspiring to make a career in the teaching profession.
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So far in our journey of exploring how to become a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) in India, we have explored the qualifications required and the selection process. It’s time for one of the most crucial aspects of being a working professional, i,e., the salary. Let’s get right at it.

Salary of a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) in India

Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) in government schools receive a salary structure based on the 7th Pay Commission guidelines. The pay band for these teachers generally falls within the range of ₹9,300 to ₹34,800, with a higher grade pay compared to Primary Teachers (PRT), typically ranging from ₹4,800 to ₹4,800. Additionally, Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) are entitled to various allowances, such as Dearness Allowance (DA), House Rent Allowance (HRA), Transport Allowance (TA), and other applicable allowances based on their location and category.
Details TGT Salary
Pay Scale Entry Scale: Rs. 9300-34800 with Grade Pay of Rs. 4600/-

Senior Scale: Rs.9300-34800 with Grade Pay of Rs. 4800/-

Selection Scale: Rs.9300-34800 with Grade Pay of Rs.5400/-
Grade Pay Rs 4600
Basic Pay Rs 44900
DA Revised For Central Govt Teacher – 31 % Rs 13919
HRA Revised For Central Govt Teacher – ( 27 %, 18% and 9 % for X,Y,Z class cities) Rs 4110
Travel Allowance Rs 3600 + DA There on
Total Approximate Gross Salary (With HRA) Rs 50610
Total Approximate Gross Salary (Without HRA) Rs 50000 to Rs 52000
In contrast, private schools have more flexibility in determining the salary structure for TGT teachers as they are not bound by the 7th Pay Commission guidelines. The salary offered by private schools may depend on factors such as the teacher's qualifications, experience, reputation of the school, geographical location, and the school's financial resources.
Private schools may also provide additional benefits such as health insurance, housing allowances, professional development opportunities, performance bonuses, and retirement plans to attract and retain talented TGT teachers.
It is advisable to contact individual private schools to inquire about their specific salary packages, as these can vary widely based on the aforementioned factors.

Career Growth Opportunities for Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) in India

As Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) gain more work experience, they may have the opportunity to apply for more advanced roles such as a Coordinator, Head of Department (HOD), Vice Principal, or even Academic Registrar. Additionally, they may also choose to pursue further education and acquire diplomas like PgCTL, which have international accreditation.

"I got placed in Kalamazoo Public School in the USA even before completing my PgCTL."


Elementary STEM Teacher

"I was able to pursue my dream of teaching in Dubai with Suraasa's mentorship."

Nadiya Nayaz

PgCTL Learner (Batch 39)

With their increased expertise and experience, Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) may also consider teaching in other countries such as the UAE, UK, or USA, where they can earn starting salaries ranging from $4,000 to $6,000 per month (Rs. 3,00,000 to Rs. 5,00,000).
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Table of Contents

Wrapping Up!

So there you have it–all the answers on how to become a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) in India. By meeting the eligibility criteria, clearing the necessary exams, pursuing the required trained graduate teacher courses, and going through the selection process, you can step into the classroom as a subject expert.
The world of teaching awaits you, so go ahead and embark on this wonderful journey as a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) in India. Good luck, and may your teaching career be filled with joy, inspiration, and countless memorable moments in the classroom!
If you require further help in pursuing a career as a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT), you can schedule a call with a Suraasa mentor. Your mentor will offer personalised guidance based on your background, qualifications, and preferences. They will assist you in navigating the process and provide support throughout your journey toward your goals. So, book a call today!

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I become a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) if I have a degree in a subject different from the one I want to teach?
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Are there any opportunities for Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) to teach abroad?
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Can Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) become school principals or administrators?
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Do Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) have any additional responsibilities outside the classroom?
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Can Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs) take on leadership roles within the school?
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Written By

Simran Agarwal

Simran is a writer here at Suraasa and has formerly worked as a Teacher. She is passionate about learning and making a difference through her words.

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