Chapter 7

How to Become a Special Education Teacher in India


A Special Education Teacher works with students who are differently-abled in areas of learning, mental and physical abilities. These dedicated professionals are equipped with specialised training and expertise to cater to the unique requirements of each student they work with.
In addition to their instructional responsibilities, Special Education Teachers are committed to fostering inclusive learning environments that promote social integration and emotional well-being. They collaborate closely with parents, caregivers, and other educational professionals to develop individualized education plans (IEPs) that address specific learning goals and accommodate the diverse needs of their students. And this is what you need to do too if you’re looking for a role as a Special Education Teacher.
How Special Education Teacher in India teaches children with down syndrome
Watch how Suraasa Learner got her dream job in the USA in the field of special education.
Let’s learn the eligibility requirements to become a special education teacher in India and the selection process for becoming a special education teacher in India in detail:

Qualifications Required to Become a Special Education Teacher in India

To become a special education teacher, you must fulfil the following eligibility requirements:
A bachelor’s degree in any subject of your choice
Proficiency in the language of instruction
A recognised Teaching Diploma / Degree preferably in special education (e.g. Diploma in Special Education (D.Ed.))
A Post Graduate degree/diploma in special education (e.g. Postgraduate Diploma in Special Education (PGDSE))
In some cases, it might be necessary to specialise in a specific subject area within special education, such as learning disabilities, intellectual disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, or multiple disabilities.
With these criteria in mind, remember that the path to becoming a successful special education teacher involves more than just meeting the minimum requirements. It's about standing out and showcasing your unique capabilities and passion for teaching.
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We hope you have understood the qualifications required to become a special education teacher. Let’s move onto the next part of the blog.

Selection Process for the Role of Special Education Teacher in India

In general, when applying for the role of a Special Education Teacher in government or private schools in India, prior experience is not a mandatory requirement as long as the candidate fulfills the qualifications required to become a special education teacher in India. This means that even if you are a fresh graduate or transitioning from another field, you can still pursue a career as a Special Education Teacher.
Special Education Teacher teaching student in a wheelchair
Some schools or educational institutions may conduct written tests and examinations as part of their selection process for special education vacancies. The purpose of these tests is to ensure that candidates have a solid understanding of the field and are equipped to handle the unique challenges that come with teaching students with diverse needs.
Any relevant experience, such as internships, courses pursued to become a Special Education Teacher or practical teacher training in special education, can greatly enhance your application and give you an edge over other candidates.

Salary for a Special Education Teacher in India

Special Education Teachers fall within the pay band of ₹9,300 to ₹34,800, with a corresponding grade pay that can range from ₹4,200 to ₹4,800, under the 7th Pay Commission of India. The basic pay is calculated by adding the pay band and grade pay, resulting in a basic pay amount. Additionally, Special Education Teachers are entitled to various allowances such as Dearness Allowance (DA), House Rent Allowance (HRA), Transport Allowance (TA), and other applicable allowances based on their location and category.
Special Educator teacher salaries in India
In private schools, the salary structure for the role of Special EducationTeacher is not regulated by the 7th Pay Commission. Instead, it is determined by the individual school's policies, budget, and market conditions. Private schools may consider factors such as qualifications, experience, and the demand for Special Education Teachers when determining their salaries. It's worth noting that private school salaries for these teachers can vary significantly, and additional benefits and perks may also be offered.
We hope this addresses your concerns regarding the salary aspect of how to become a Special Education Teacher in India. It is advisable to research and inquire about the specific salary and benefits offered by individual schools or institutions when considering a teaching career in special education.

Career Growth Opportunities for a Special Education Teacher in India

Experienced Special Education Teachers in India have diverse career growth opportunities. They can advance as rehabilitation counselors, therapists (e.g., speech, occupational, physical), translators, or even open their own preschools or childcare centers. Leadership roles within schools and educational organisations are also possible. With additional qualifications and expertise, Special Education Teachers can expand their impact and contribute to the well-being of individuals with special needs.
To expand career prospects in the field of special education, you can also consider taking up specialised teacher training and pursuing advanced qualifications in special education. This will help you to get opportunities to conduct research, contribute to the field's knowledge, and potentially assume academic or leadership roles.
Table of Contents

Wrapping Up!

Being a Special Education Teacher is not just a job; it's a calling. It allows you to make a meaningful difference in the lives of students with special needs. By helping special children reach their full potential, you contribute to building an inclusive society where everyone has an equal chance to thrive.
How special education teacher in India becomes a helping hand to a girl with cancer.
We hope this blog provided you with all the essential information you need to know about how to become a Special Education Teacher in India. We discussed the qualifications, the role, the salary structure, and the exciting career growth opportunities for Special Education Teachers. If you have any more questions or concerns, feel free to book a call with a Suraasa Mentor. Your mentor will offer personalised guidance based on your background, qualifications, and preferences. They will assist you in navigating the process and provide support throughout your journey toward becoming a super successful teacher.

Frequently Asked Questions

What qualities make a successful Special Education Teacher?
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How do Special Education Teachers collaborate with parents and caregivers?
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Can Special Education Teachers work in mainstream schools?
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Are there any professional organisations for Special Education Teachers in India?
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Do Special Education Teachers collaborate with other professionals?
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Written By

Simran Agarwal

Simran is a writer here at Suraasa and has formerly worked as a Teacher. She is passionate about learning and making a difference through her words.

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